In 2012 over 208,000 young children were reported to have type 1 and type 2 Diabetes. Studies have shown that African Americans and Latinos are the two most common groups that have a higher chance of getting type 2 Diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes
This type of Diabetes in diagnosed in children under the age of 10. Type 1 Diabetes is caused when the immune system goes against you own pancreas and impairs it. The cells also known as islets in your body are the ones that recognize the glucose in the body and retroact to create the insulin that is needed for the body to regulate your blood sugar. Insulin is the hormone that helps the sugar in the body to release and then transforms into energy; without insulin, the sugar is blocked which causes you become diabetic. If you do not get treated you can lose your eyesight, damage your kidneys and heart. In the worst case scenario, it can cause the child to go into coma or cause death.
Type 1 is treated with insulin shots which are to be given on a daily basis. Type 1 Diabetics start having symptoms of abdominal pain, shortness of breath, vomiting and become easily dehydrated.
The downside of having to inject the insulin is that if you put too much you can, your blood sugar could become very low which will cause what they refer to as hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is low blood sugar that causes palpitations, nausea, sweating and anxiety. If you do not inject enough insulin your blood sugar can go sky high which will also cause hypoglycemia as well. To prevent hypoglycemia, you should always take some snacks with like; crackers with cheese or peanut butter, glucose tablets, juice box, healthy snacks and water.
Exercise is also very important, from walking to joining a sports team through your school. Your blood glucose can vary; high or low depending on the type and time you do an activity. Before doing any type of activity or exercise you should check the level of your blood glucose, how intense your activity or exercise is going to be, how long you will be doing this, and any changes you might have done when taking your insulin shots. And if you are thinking of doing an intense activity, test your blood and urine. If the test shows you have high blood glucose; avoid intense activities.
Children with type 1 Diabetes have to adjust their lives and develop healthy eating habits along with exercising on a daily basis. They are required to measure their blood glucose before eating and before bedtime. They are also recommended to keep track of their carbohydrates and watch their diet. They will also be required to do extra cardiovascular activities to keep their blood glucose leveled.
Type 2 Diabetes
The most common. This type of diabetes is when your blood sugar is high. Children have symptoms of going to the bathroom constantly, are often thirsty, feel nauseated, and tired. The most common signs in children is weight loss, blurred vision, get more infections than other children, and it takes them longer to heal wounds. Some children may even develop yeast infections in their private areas. The more visible signs in children are: dark areas in their body especially around their neck and underarms. With type 2 the body becomes resistant to insulin.
So how do you get type 2 Diabetes? The body starts making more insulin than it is supposed to, after a while the pancreas can’t keep up and that is when your blood glucose starts going sky high.
You can treat type 2 Diabetes with oral medications, a healthier lifestyle, and insulin shots. When the glucose starts building up instead of going into your cells, two things can happen; your cells will be lacking energy; which will cause you to have high blood glucose, and that will then in turn cause your eyes, nerves, kidney and heart deteriorate.
As you can see we as parents need to pay close attention to our children and their eating habits and make sure that they are doing some kind of physical activity on a daily basis. Diabetes in our children has become an epidemic and we have the solution all we need to do is make time to spend time with our children for their sake.